Druk Executives


300km long and 150km wide small country- Bhutan's periphery is 46,500 km2 and landlocked by Tibet and India respectively on the north and rest of the all sides. East of Bhutan is bordered by India's Arunanchal Pradesh, south by Assam and West Bengal and west by Sikkim.
Most of the country's geography is mountainous with 7541m high Gangkhar Puensum peak on the north side, Tibetan border. The Himalayan 'highland' is further divided into three major geographic regions, these are- high Himalayan region of the north; the hills and valleys of the center Bhutan or inner Himalayan; and plains and the low hills of the south or Sub-Himalayan foot-hills.

As in other Himalayan countries, giant high peaks have shielded Bhutan and bordered it from other neighboring countries. Many of the mountains are remained to explore. Mostly, northern and western borders of the country hold high peaks. The higher peaks create border with Tibet, while lower peaks extend towards the Indian border.
Bhutan's major towns lie in inner Himalaya, southern part of the high peaks. Such places are covered with forested hillsides leaving broad valleys for dwelling and market places. This part of Bhutan has several deep and narrow rivers flowing from the source of Himalayan region and demarcated several valleys. Most of the habituated and well-planned cities and town are situated in inner Himalayan region. Capital Thimpu, Punakha, Wangdue Phodrang, Trongsa, Wamrong etc. are some of them.
The Himalayan range shapes large area of Bhutan's western border. Several highest peaks are situated here, including Jhomolhari and Jichu Drakye. Likewise, densely forested narrow high hills are extended from west to east Great valleys like Thimpu, Paro, Haa, Samtse are formed by the ridge, which further creates different movements of water leaving the boundary for valleys. The surfaces of east-west parts of Bhutan are linked in the ridge by 3050m pass called Dochu la.
Similarly, the Black Mountains range of Himalaya situated in the east of the Puna Tsang Chhu watershed which creates the block between eastern and western parts of Bhutan. This part of the block is mitigated by 3500m pass- Pele la to cross the Black Mountains. Before the construction of the road, here, people used the small mule track for movements and transportation of goods.

Some hills of the south are so extended to the north that has created border to other valleys and districts. In the central Bhutan, a north-south range of hills has separated the Trongsa and Bumthang valleys. Here, Yotong La of 3425m is built to cross the ridge. Similarly, Bumthang and Lhuentse districts are separated by the Donga range of hills and Thrumshing La of 3780m is developed to pass the crossing points. Thrumshing La is the only option of road access across the Donga range.
Southern foothills rise swiftly from the plains in the south of the country. The plains are also known as Terai and are used for farming. Southern region, with low hills and plains, is either cultivated or forested.